Cao T, Lian M, Chen XY, Mao LB, Liu K et al. Multi-cycle reconfigurable THz extraordinary optical transmission using chalcogenide metamaterials. Opto-Electron Sci 1, 210010 (2022). doi: 10.29026/oes.2022.210010
Citation: Cao T, Lian M, Chen XY, Mao LB, Liu K et al. Multi-cycle reconfigurable THz extraordinary optical transmission using chalcogenide metamaterials. Opto-Electron Sci 1, 210010 (2022). doi: 10.29026/oes.2022.210010

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Multi-cycle reconfigurable THz extraordinary optical transmission using chalcogenide metamaterials

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  • Metamaterials composed of metallic antennae arrays are used as they possess extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) in the terahertz (THz) region, whereby a giant forward light propagation can be created using constructive interference of tunneling surface plasmonic waves. However, numerous applications of THz meta-devices demand an active manipulation of the THz beam in free space. Although some studies have been carried out to control the EOT for the THz region, few of these are based upon electrical modulation of the EOT phenomenon, and novel strategies are required for actively and dynamically reconfigurable EOT meta-devices. In this work, we experimentally present that the EOT resonance can be coupled to optically reconfigurable chalcogenide metamaterials which offers a reversible all-optical control of the THz light. A modulation efficiency of 88% in transmission at 0.85 THz is experimentally observed using the EOT metamaterials, which is composed of a gold (Au) circular aperture array sitting on a non-volatile chalcogenide phase change material (Ge2Sb2Te5) film. This comes up with a robust and ultrafast reconfigurable EOT over 20 times of switching, excited by a nanosecond pulsed laser. The measured data have a good agreement with finite-element-method numerical simulation. This work promises THz modulators with significant on/off ratios and fast speeds.
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