Wang YD, Wang YW, Dong YL, Zhou L, Kang JL et al. 2D Nb2CTx MXene/MoS2 heterostructure construction for nonlinear optical absorption modulation. Opto-Electron Adv 6, 220162 (2023). doi: 10.29026/oea.2023.220162
Citation: Wang YD, Wang YW, Dong YL, Zhou L, Kang JL et al. 2D Nb2CTx MXene/MoS2 heterostructure construction for nonlinear optical absorption modulation. Opto-Electron Adv 6, 220162 (2023). doi: 10.29026/oea.2023.220162

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2D Nb2CTx MXene/MoS2 heterostructure construction for nonlinear optical absorption modulation

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  • Two-dimensional (2D) nonlinear optical mediums with high and tunable light modulation capability can significantly stimulate the development of ultrathin, compact, and integrated optoelectronics devices and photonic elements. 2D carbides and nitrides of transition metals (MXenes) are a new class of 2D materials with excellent intrinsic and strong light-matter interaction characteristics. However, the current understanding of their photo-physical properties and strategies for improving optical performance is insufficient. To address this issue, we rationally designed andin situsynthesized a 2D Nb2C/MoS2 heterostructure that outperforms pristine Nb2C in both linear and nonlinear optical performance. Excellent agreement between experimental and theoretical results demonstrated that the Nb2C/MoS2 inherited the preponderance of Nb2C and MoS2 in absorption at different wavelengths, resulting in the broadband enhanced optical absorption characteristics. In addition to linear optical modulation, we also achieved stronger near infrared nonlinear optical modulation, with a nonlinear absorption coefficient of Nb2C/MoS2 being more than two times that of the pristine Nb2C. These results were supported by the band alinement model which was determined by the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) experiment and first-principal theory calculation. The presented facile synthesis approach and robust light modulation strategy pave the way for broadband optoelectronic devices and optical modulators.
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