Jiang SL, Chen FF, Zhao Y, Gao SF, Wang YY et al. Broadband all-fiber optical phase modulator based on photo-thermal effect in a gas-filled hollow-core fiber. Opto-Electron Adv 6, 220085 (2023). doi: 10.29026/oea.2023.220085
Citation: Jiang SL, Chen FF, Zhao Y, Gao SF, Wang YY et al. Broadband all-fiber optical phase modulator based on photo-thermal effect in a gas-filled hollow-core fiber. Opto-Electron Adv 6, 220085 (2023). doi: 10.29026/oea.2023.220085

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Broadband all-fiber optical phase modulator based on photo-thermal effect in a gas-filled hollow-core fiber

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  • We report broadband all-fiber optical phase modulation based on the photo-thermal effect in a gas-filled hollow-core fiber. The phase modulation dynamics are studied by multi-physics simulation. A phase modulator is fabricated using a 5.6-cm-long anti-resonant hollow-core fiber with pure acetylene filling. It has a half-wave optical power of 289 mW at 100 kHz and an average insertion loss 0.6 dB over a broad wavelength range from 1450 to 1650 nm. The rise and fall time constants are 3.5 and 3.7 μs, respectively, 2–3 orders of magnitude better than the previously reported microfiber-based photo-thermal phase modulators. The gas-filled hollow-core waveguide configuration is promising for optical phase modulation from ultraviolet to mid-infrared which is challenging to achieve with solid optical fibers.
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