Lu QB, Wang YN, Wang XX, Yao Y, Wang XW et al. Review of micromachined optical accelerometers: from mg to sub-μg. Opto-Electron Adv 4, 200045 (2021).. doi: 10.29026/oea.2021.200045
Citation: Lu QB, Wang YN, Wang XX, Yao Y, Wang XW et al. Review of micromachined optical accelerometers: from mg to sub-μg. Opto-Electron Adv 4, 200045 (2021).. doi: 10.29026/oea.2021.200045

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Review of micromachined optical accelerometers: from mg to sub-μg

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  • Micro-Opto-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MOEMS) accelerometer is a new type of accelerometer which combines the merits of optical measurement and Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) to enable high precision, small volume and anti-electromagnetic disturbance measurement of acceleration. In recent years, with the in-depth research and development of MOEMS accelerometers, the community is flourishing with the possible applications in seismic monitoring, inertial navigation, aerospace and other industrial and military fields. There have been a variety of schemes of MOEMS accelerometers, whereas the performances differ greatly due to different measurement principles and corresponding application requirements. This paper aims to address the pressing issue of the current lack of systematic review of MOEMS accelerometers. According to the optical measurement principle, we divide the MOEMS accelerometers into three categories: the geometric optics based, the wave optics based, and the new optomechanical accelerometers. Regarding the most widely studied category, the wave optics based accelerometers are further divided into four sub-categories, which is based on grating interferometric cavity, Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG), Fabry-Perot cavity, and photonic crystal, respectively. Following a brief introduction to the measurement principles, the typical performances, advantages and disadvantages as well as the potential application scenarios of all kinds of MOEMS accelerometers are discussed on the basis of typical demonstrations. This paper also presents the status and development tendency of MOEMS accelerometers to meet the ever-increasing demand for high-precision acceleration measurement.
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